Scottish Rulers, 850-1625

By Ann Morrison Fisher

If you can read this, thank a teacher. If you're reading this in English, thank a veteran.

Type "Ctrl-D" to add this page to your bookmarks.

Buffalo Nickle

Ol' Buffalo

Website Menu

Ol' Buffalo Blog

Nay/McNee Email Log-In

Subscribe to Nay/McNee Message Group

Subscribe to Daily Thought-Provoking Quotes Via Email

Follow me on Twitter






Black Powder



Do It Yourself






Gun Control

Ham Radio





Issues and Politics

Job Search


Mental Health



Outdoor Cooking

Personal Finance





Reference Desk





Time Hack



Privacy Notice

Porn Warning

Virus Warning


Contact Webmaster

Much of the information in this is from Sir Bernard Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage, 52d edition, London, 1890. Burke's says that because there was still some obscurity over the succession of kings of the Picts and Dalriadic Scots, he would begin with Kenneth, "a King of Scottish race." However, other books claim that his mother was a princess of the Picts, so he reigned over them in her right.
  • KENNETH I MacAlpin was the first Scot to rule both Scots and Picts, reigned 850-860.
  • DONALD, his brother, reigned 860-864.
  • CONSTANTINE I, son of Kenneth I, reigned 864-877. Killed in battle w. Danes.
  • AEDH, brother of Constantine, reigned 1 year, said "slain by his people."
  • EOCHA, son of Run, King of Strathclyde, whose mother was Constantine's sister; CIRIC or Grig, son of Dungail, being associated with him. Together reigned 878-889.
  • DONALD, son of Constantine I, reigned 889-900, killed in Danish invasion.
  • CONSTANTINE II, son of Aedh, reigned 42 years, "harassed by the ravages of the Northmen, retired, in 942, to the Monastery of St. Andrews."
  • MALCOLM I, son of Donald, reigned 942-954.
  • INDULPH, son of Constantine II, reigned 954-962.
  • DUBH, son of Malcolm I, reigned 962-967.
  • CUILEAN, son of Indulph, reigned 967-971.
  • KENNETH II, son of Malcolm I, reigned 971-995.
  • CONSTANTINE III, son of Cuilean, reigned 995-997.
  • KENNETH III, son of Dubh, reigned 997-1004, killed at Monzievaird by Malcolm II
  • MALCOLM II, son of Kenneth II, reigned 1005-1034. 2 daughters (Bethoc who married Crinan, Abbot of Dunkeld, & mother of his successor; and ?, who married Sigurd, Earl of Orkney, ancestress of the Sinclairs, Earls of Orkney).
  • DUNCAN I was the first general ruler, 1034. He was son of Crinan, Abbot of Dunkeld, & grandson of Malcolm II. Had 3 sons (Malcolm; Donald Bane; and Melmare, the ancestor of the Earls of Athole). In his reign the north & west of Scotland were conquered by Northmen under Thorfinn.
  • MACBETH, Mormaer of Moray, joining his fortunes to those of the invader, seized the kingdom in 1040 and killed Duncan. Reigned 1040-1051. Married Gruach, daughter of Bode (son of Kenneth III). His kingdom included country south and west of the Tay; Thorfinn ruled the rest. Slain by Duncan's son, Malcolm III MacDuncan at Lumphanan.
  • LULACH, son of Gilcomgar, Mormaer of Moray, descendant through his mother from Bode (son of Kenneth III). Made king by Macbeth's party, reigned 7 months. Killed in Essie in Strathbogie. Had son, Malsnechtan, & daughter, whose son Angus, succeeded in Earldom of Moray & was assassinated with Malcolm (natural son of Alexander I) in insurrection against David I, but defeated & killed 1130. Malcolm McEth, real or alleged son of Angus, headed another insurrection, defeated in 1137. 2 sons of Malcolm McEth joined with Somerled in insurrection of 1154.
  • MALCOLM III Ceanmor (Great Head), reigned 1058-1093. Killed at Alnwick in 1093. Buried at Tynemouth. Regained provinces from Thorfinn. First marriage was to Ingebiorge, widow of Thorfinn (Jarl of Orkney), had 2 sons: Duncan (King) and Donald who predeceased him. Second marriage was in 1070 to Margaret (sister of Edgar Atheling), had 8 children: Edward, (killed with father at Alnwick), Edmund, Ethelred (Abbot of Dunkeld and Earl of Fife), Edgar (King of Scotland), Alexander (King of Scotland), David (King of Scotland), Edith (aka Matilda who married Henry I of England in 1100), and Mary (married Eustace, Count of Boulogne). Malcolm's 2nd wife Margaret was a Saxon princess who had fled from the Normans. Queen Margaret introduced English language and English monastic customs. She was canonized, 1250. Her son Edgar, 1097, moved the court to Edinburgh. His brothers Alexander I and David I succeeded. Malcolm IV, the Maiden, 1153, grandson of David I, was followed by his brother, William the Lion, 1165, whose son was Alexander II, 1214. The latter's son, Alexander III, 1249, defeated the Norse and regained the Hebrides. When he died, 1286, his granddaughter, Margaret, child of Eric of Norway and grandniece of Edward I of England, known as the Maid of Norway, was chosen ruler, but died 1290, aged 8.
  • DONALD BANE, brother of Malcolm III, reigned 6 months, deposed by Duncan II
  • DUNCAN II, son of Malcolm by his first wife. Married Ethreda (daughter of Cospatrick, Earl of Northumberland). Their son, William, married Alice de Rumeli & had son William of Egremont who died under age. William FitzDuncan also had (either by previous marriage or illegitimate) son Donald Bane MacWilliam who, in 1181 headed insurrection against William the Lion. Guthred McWilliam, of the same line, headed a later insurrection. Duncan II reigned 6 months. Killed by Malfrida MacLoen, Earl of Mearns.
  • DONALD BANE resumed throne, joined with nephew EDMUND, son of Malcolm & Margaret. In 1097, through Edgar Atheling, Donald defeated, expelled from Scotland, Edmund to prison. Donald's granddaughter & heiress, Hextilda, married Richard Comyn, their descendant John Comyn (Black Comyn), competitor for crown 1291.
  • EDGAR, son of Malcolm & Margaret, reigned 1097-1107.
  • ALEXANDER I. reigned over Scotland north of Forth & Clyde. Brother David (Earl of Northumberland, trained in England) reigned in Lothian & Cumbria as Earl. Alexander married Sybilla (natural daughter of Henry I of England). Alexander's natural son, Malcolm, in 1130 led revolt of Gaelic population against David. Alexander died 4/24/1124 at Stirling.
  • DAVID I, brother of Alexander I. Married Matilda (widow of Simon de Senlis, daughter & heir of Waltheof, Earl of Northumberland, by Judith, niece of William the Conqueror) & had son. David died 5/24/1153.
  • JOHN BALIOL, 1292-1296. (Interregnum, 10 years).
  • ROBERT BRUCE (The Bruce), 1306-1329, victor at Bannockburn, 1314.
  • DAVID II, ruled 1329-1371, only son of Robert Bruce and his second wife Elizabeth de Burgh.
  • ROBERT II, 1371-1390, grandson of Robert Bruce and his first wife Isaballe of Mar, son of Marjorie Bruce and Walter, the Steward of Scotland, was called The Steward, first of the so-called Stuart line.
  • ROBERT III, son of Robert II, 1390-1406.
  • JAMES I, son of Robert III, 1406-1437.
  • JAMES II, son of James I, 1437-1460.
  • JAMES III, eldest son of James II, 1460-1488.
  • JAMES IV, eldest son of James III, 1488-1513.
  • JAMES V, eldest son of James IV, 1513-1542.
  • MARY, daughter of James V, born 1542, became queen when one week old; was crowned 1543. Married, 1558, Francis (son of Henry II of France, who became king 1559, died 1560). Mary ruled Scots 1561 until abdication, 1567. She also married (2) Henry Stewart, Lord Darnley, and (3) James, Earl of Bothwell. Imprisoned by Elizabeth I, Mary was beheaded 1587.
  • JAMES VI, 1566-1625, son of Mary and Lord Darnley, became King of England on death of Elizabeth in 1603. Although the thrones were thus united, the legislative union of Scotland and England was not effected until the Act of Union, May 1, 1707.

Back to Genealogy Index

Click here to support this website with a voluntary $2 donation. Even better: Skip this donation and buy something you need from one of my advertisers. They're companies I trust for service, quality, and price.

While we thank them for their support of this website, the ol' Buffalo had no role in picking the GoogleAds herein. Their appearance is not an endorsement by the Ol' Buffalo.


Mormon blogs

Mormon blogs

Index to LDS missionary reunion websites

Campaign for Liberty's mission is promoting and defending the great American principles of individual liberty, constitutional government, sound money, free markets, and a noninterventionist foreign policy. I am the Campaign for Liberty.

A program for young people that builds character, trains them in the responsibilities of participating citizenship, and develops personal fitness.

Join NRA here.

I teach most NRA firearms courses

I can certify new instructors for most NRA firearms courses

Concealed Carry

Join the NRA Good Guys List!


The Firearms Coalition

Support 2nd amendment

Gun Owners of America

Second Amendment Foundation

Citizens Committee for the Right to Keep and Bear Arms

Second Amendment Project

Tom Gresham's Truth Squad - No lie left unchallenged!

Keep and Bear Arms

Armed Citizens Network

Civilian Marksmanship Program

Utah State Rifle and Pistol Assn

Utah Shooting Sports Council

International Practical Shooting Confederation

United States Parctical Shooting Association

Single Action Shooting Society

Appleseed Project: Become a rifleman!

American Sheepdog

Provides legal and financial assistance to selected individuals and organizations defending their right to keep and bear arms

Gun facts

Bruce Colodny, firearms lawyer

Mule Deer Foundation

Rocky Mountain Elk Foundation

National Wild Turkey Federation

Stop poachers!

A human right

College students, parents and concerned citizens who support the right of concealed carry license holders to carry on our college campuses

Gun Rights Radio Network podcasts

Enforce the Bill of Rights!

Support 2nd Amendment

Utah Summer Games Online Gun Auction

Walther firearms

Springfield Armory

Ruger firearms

Smith & Wesson firearms

Thompson/Center firearms

Rock River Arms

Kahr Arms


Champion Shooters Supply

Sportsmans Warehouse


Gander Mountain

When you're serious about stopping power

Bulk Ammo specializes in high volume ammunition orders online

Reloading and shooting supplies

Graf & Sons: The Reloading Authority

Shop Sinclair International

Ballistic Products

Topographic and aerial-photo maps

10th Amendment Pledge

LDS Freedom Network

Enforce the Bill of Rights!

Please review these petitions and join the list of Patriots willing to stand on the frontlines in defense of liberty

All sales proceeds at PatriotShop.US support our Mission of Service to America's Armed Services.

This day in history

Liberty Watch Radio

Liberty Watch Radio


Evil Conservative Industries

Cedar Fort Books

In Association with

Weight-control products including dietary supplements, meal replacement bars and shakes.

Purity Products

The source for satire

Daily Cartoon provided by Bravenet

This day in history

Legal Documents Online @ Legalzoom

True North Log Homes

Plans for woodworking projects

Plans for woodworking projects

Vegetable and flower seeds, gardening supplies

Life member, ARRL

I served 12 years on active duty in the US Air Force.

I retired after serving 23 years in the US Air Force, Alaska Army National Guard.



PDF995 document-to-PDF converter

Make payments with PayPal - it's fast, free and secure!

Get this FREE ezine!

Safe Surf Rated

ICRA Rated

SubmitFree: Submit to 25+ Search Engines for free!