21 REASONS FOR WEIGHT-GAIN

Annette Nay, Ph.D.

Copyright 1997

 

1. Character Flaw vs Bad Coping tools

Professionals and the world used to look at obesity as a lack of discipline (Brandon, 1991). The world chooses to hold prejudices against the obese. They view the obese as bad and immoral (Wolman, 1982).

People have stress in their lives and need to deal with it in some way. Many choose to do so in an unhealthy manner....Excessive drinking, smoking, working, shopping and/or eating are just a few of these.

2. Thyroid Malfunction due to food allergies.  Get a skin scratch test to find out if you do have allergies.

The thyroid hormones regulates such functions as appetite and weight (Harvard Medical School, 1992).

The malfunction of these can cause problems with obesity.

3. Continuous dieting failures give rise to depression and bingeing, purging and depression cycle (Davidson, 1990).

4. The obese are more sedentary because of physical limitations. This leads to more weight-gain (Bailey, 1991).

5. Health Problems from obesity could cause depression and overeating.

Back pain leads to lack of sleep (Carron, 1982).

Hypertension, Heart Disease, Diabetes (USDA, 1995; Davison , 1990)

Poor circulation and possible gangrene and amputation (Reid, 1978).

kidney trouble, high blood pressure, pregnancy complications, liver damage, and glandular malfunctions (Balch & Balch, 1990).

Gallbladder disease, colon cancer, post menopausal breast cancer, and menstrual irregularities afflict others (Ornish, 1993; USDA, 1995).

With more health problems than normal, overweight people have a greater likelihood for premature death (Wolman, 1982).

6. Dieting causes Yo-Yo Effect (Schwartz, 1985).

There is weight loss, but weight returns quickly, plus more.

Strict diets can cause depression to develop in predisposed women (Harvard Medical School, 1992).

7. Set Point, Starvation and Exercise (Bailey, 1991)

Starvation makes the point at which the body will allow fats to burned up to be set at a lower setting allowing more fat to accumulate in the body for storage against starvation.

Exercising regularly causes the set point to burn at a higher level. This causes more fats to breakdown.

Allows a obese person's body to act like a thin person's body that can eat almost anything within reason and not gain weight (Wolman, 1982).

8. Obese do not drink enough liquid in their diet.

The body needs at least 8 cups of liquids each day to carry on the basic functions of the body.

The remaining liquid helps break down fats (Schwartz, 1985).

9. The obese eat their food too fast.

This causes them to overeat because the food has not had time to reach the stomach and let the person know he/she are full (Schwartz, 1985).

10. Lack of Aerobic Exercise Exercise.

Fat burning exercise must be a sustained rise in heart rate, incorporating a large quantity of oxygen. (Smith, 1988; Baily, 1991)

11. The obese are eating too many fats and calories.

One must reduce the fat intake as much as possible (Gurr, 1984). Fats plus the calories must be calculated to help reduce weight (Goor,1990).

12. The obese make a different type of fat than physically fit people (Bailey, 1991).

They can eat the same amount of fats and calories but it adds up to more fat storage.

13. The obese are not getting enough oxygen when exercising (Bailey, 1991).

When one can not breath and carry on a conversation with out panting there is not enough oxygen into the body to process fat burning.

14. The obese are not exercising long enough (Smith, 1988)

Glycogen is a starch that is available to the body for instant energy.

As exercise is sustained for longer lengths of time less glycogen is burned and more fat is used up. After 30 minutes of aerobic exercise has engaged in the body is burning all fat.

Most exercise plans call for a 30 minute workout. Increasing the workout to 45 minutes will allow 15 minutes of full fat burning.

15. The obese may encounter sabotage of their weight loss effort (Kelley, 1993).

A change in the system is seen as a threat to others in the same system.

Over-weight individuals in the same system as the weight loss individual may have been dependent on the other for validation of their right to be obese.

16. There are neurochemical predisposition to obesity (Lesieur & Blume, 1993).

Certain individuals through their behaviors can cause an elevation of psyco-stimulants in the brain. This causes an elevated mood change.

Purposefully engaging in these behaviors continually can cause addiction.

17. Mega doses of carbohydrates and sugar intake can cause obesity (Streett, 1992).

Carbohydrates and sugar cause a rise in the insulin level of the blood. This also raises the serotonin, a natural mood upper in the brain.

Mega doses of sugar and or carbohydrates, overtime may cause the serotonin sites to slow production or close sites to regulate the amount of serotonin in the brain. This cut back also cuts the natural upper effect , thus causing slight to deep depression.

To maintain a normal level of serotonin in the brain the individual must eat more sugar and or carbohydrates to get out of depression. This could cause the vicious cycle of addiction (Shkurkin, 1994).

18. Addiction a cause of Obesity (Nakken,1988)

Addiction: The pathological relationship one has with a object or event instead of withdrawing from the normal relations one should have with oneself, one's God, friends and family, and one's community.

19. Society has values that support addiction, predisposing one to addiction (Nakken,1988).

Look out for number one.

There is shame for anything less than being number one.

How we get to the top is unimportant. Use anyone you can to get there.

The anonymous city gives little or no close relationships.

Our mobile society allows us to dispose of relationships as we move. Getting close causes us pain when we leave. Therefore do not get close!

The one with the most toys wins. Shows our relationship with objects.

We have a disposable society.

* Lives are committed into war without much though of loss of lives.

People have little value. Humanity copes by numbing its self.

Some is good some is better.

* Excess is a status symbol.

* Excess is what addiction is all about.

Excessive acting-out, control, and isolation. Do not hurt! Medicate!

20. Parents may encourage children to eat when they are not hungry, which might prepare them to accept addiction more readily (Nakken,1988).

They feed them to quiet them.

They put them to sleep with food.

Children must finish everything on their plates.

Food is used as a substitute for love.

21. Families with addicts in them have polluted attitudes, values, beliefs, and behaviors that encourage addiction (Nakken,1988).

Addictions can be due to the role modeling of the adult addicts. The more addicts in the home the greater the chance of addiction.

Addiction causes each individual in the family to decided how each will deal with the addict. Will the choose codependency or addiction.

There are major shifts in responsibility between the parents and the children.

* When the addict is acting-out, the children are the parents.

Paranoia develops (Nakken,1988).

* When things go well the children do not trust it. They are always waiting for the addict to act-out.

* This carries over into later life. The adult feels there is something in their relationship, when there is no evidence to suggest it.

Insane Logic (Nakken,1988)

* Parents destroy themselves while everyone watches and acts as if it were nothing.

* They learn to deny their healthy responses. They learn denial and other coping skills.

* Insane behaviors are explained away with lies.

* Children are taught to lie to cover for parents.

* They are taught to keep secrets.

* Each of these items are a part of the addictive lifestyle. Which is excepted as normalcy for these children. The look for counterparts to fill the opposite to the role they filled in the addictive family.

Ex: If they were codependent, they look for an addict. They talk the same language. It is what feels normal.

Objectification (Nakken,1988)

* The children are treated as objects or watch as others are abused in this manner.

* Treating others as objects to get what they want is one of the factors of addiction.

Listed above are 20 different reasons people are obese. Each reason holds true in most cases, but the world at large still chooses to see the obese as bad, immoral and character flawed. Are they right, or have we been set up for a fall, by our society, our families and ourselves? Perhaps both answers are right. After we have succumbed to our training, we become bad, immoral and character flawed.

 

REFERENCES

Bailey C. (1991). Fit or fat for the 90's. [Film]. CA: Pacific Art Video Publishing.

Balch J.F. & Balch P.A. (1990). Prescription for nutritional healing. Garden City Park, NY: Avery Publishing Group Inc.

Brandon C. (1991). Eating addictions, Changes. Sept.- Oct.

Carron, H., & McLaughlin, R. E. (1982). Management of low back pain. Massachusetts: John Wright PSG Inc.

Davison, G. C., & Neale, J. M. (1990). Abnormal psychology. NY: John Wiely & Sons.

Goor, R. (1990). The choose to lose diet: A food lover's guide to permanent weight loss. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Gurr, M. I. (1984). Role of fats in food and nutrition. NY: Elsevier Applied Science Publishers.

Harvard Medical School, (1992). Biological factors. The Harvard Mental Health Letter, 9, 1- 4.

Kelley, L. (1993). Undergraduate class in Paraprofessional Counseling I. Presented at University Alaska Anchorage, AK.

Lesieur, H. R., & Blume, S. B. (1993). Pathological gambling, eating disorders, and a psychoactive substance use disorders. Journal of Addictive Diseases, 12, 89-102.

Nakken, C. (1988). The addictive personality. U.S.: Hazelden Foundation

Ornish, D. (1993). Eat More Weigh Less. NY,NY: Harper Collins Publisher.

Reid, W. & Pollock, J. G. (1978). The surgeon's management of gangrene. MD: University Park Press.

Schwartz, B. (1985). Diets don't work (7th ed.). Houston, TX: Breakthru Publishing.

Smith, K. (1988). Kathy smith's fat burning workout [video]. CA: Fox Hills Video

Streett, B. (1992). Carbohydrate craving and addiction. The Counselor, Jan-Feb, 12-14.

United States Department of Agriculture (1995). Nutrition eating for good health, Agriculture Information Bulletin 685, 46.

Wolman, B. B. (1982). Psychological aspects of obesity: A handbook. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co.: NY.


Annette Nay, Ph.D.

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